It is difficult to determine what type of culture that existed in Thailand before the Christian era, since no records or chronologies exist but archeological excavations in the area north of Nakorn Ratchasima indicate that there were people living here over 4000 years ago. Thailand (formerly known as Siam) has been inhabited ever since civilization in Asia. There are conflicting opinions on the origin of the Thais. It is assumed that about 4500 years the Thais originated in northwestern Szechuan in China and later moved down to Thailand along the southern part of China. They fall into two main groups. They settled in the north and became the kingdom of "Lan Na" and the other is further south, which afterward was defeated by the Khmers and became the kingdom of "Sukhothai".
In the early 16's, visited the European Ayutthaya, and a Portuguese embassy was established in 1511th Portugal's powerful neighbor Spain was the next European nation to come in Ayutthaya forward the end of the 16th century. In the early 17th century saw the arrival of two northern European, the Dutch and the British and French 1662nd
In the mid 16's, Ayutthaya and the independent kingdom in Chiang Mai sat under the control of the Burmese, but Thais could regain both capitals by the end of the century.
The Burmese invaded Ayutthaya again 1765th This time Burmese caused much fear to Thais. Burmase soldiers destroyed everything, including temples, manuscripts and religious sculptures. After the capital fell into their hands for two years, the Burmese effectiveness could no longer hold the kingdom. Phaya Taksin, a Thai general, promoted himself as king in 1769. He ruled the new capital of Thonburi on the banks of the Chao Phraya River, opposite Bangkok. Thais regained control of their country and thereby spread to the provinces in north and central part of Thailand. Taksin eventually turn himself to be the next Buddha and was dismissed and executed by his ministers, who did not approve his religious values.The British gained a colonial foothold in the region during 1824, but in 1896 an Anglo-French agreement guaranteed independence of Thailand. A coup in 1932 demoted the monarchy to regular status and established representative government with universal suffrage. At the outbreak of World War II, Japanese forces attacked Thailand. After five hours of token resistance Thailand yielded to Japan December 8, 1941, subsequently becoming a staging area for the Japanese campaign against Malaya. After the closure of a pro-Japanese puppet government in July 1944, Thailand repudiated the declaration of war it would have had to make in 1942 against Britain and the U.S.
The policy of Thailand took some significant change June 24, 1932, when a group of young intellectuals, educated abroad and imbued with the concept of Western democracy, staged a bloodless coup, requires a change form absolute to a constitutional monarchy, determined to avoid bloodshed, His Majesty King Prajadhipok (Rama VII) agreed to the abolition of absolute monarchy and the transfer of power to the constitution-based system of government as demanded. On December 10, 1932 signed by King Prajadhipok Thailand first constitution and thus ended 700 years of Thailand's absolute monarchy. Despite the number of successive constitutions that followed in the space of just over half a century, the basic concepts of rule and the monarchy down in the 1932 Constitution have remained unchanged.
Today Thailand is a constitutional monarchy with King Bhumibol Adulyadej, or King Rama IX, the ninth king of the Chakri Dynasty, the present king. The King has reigned for more than half a century, making him the longest reigning Thai monarch. Thailand covers a rich diversity of cultures and traditions. With its proud history, tropical climate and renowned hospitality Kingdom is a never-ending source of fascination and pleasure for international visitors and Thailand property investors. With the incredible number of visitors who simply fall in love with this mesmeric paradise of a country who find themselves returning year after year, it is hardly surprising to hear about the high rental opportunities for any investor with a Thailand property and real estate. Combined with the fact that globally attractive Thailand boasts one of the most law and foreign investment to increase economies. Contemporary apartment's flats and villas that are each ideal for property in Thailand investment or recreation abound within its borders. With the country's infrastructure developed at a remarkable pace, land prices are partly to pick up there, for property owners, is nothing more reassuring than good news.
Read original item - http://www.articlesbase.com/destinations-articles/thailand-history-349031.html
August 18, 2011 Translated text about Thailand